History of Poros
Its beauty was praised by leading poets and litterateurs, such as Georgios Seferis, Ioulia Dragoumi and the American writer Henry Miller. The strait of Poros is a landscape of unique beauty: there lays the coast of Galatas, covered in pine, olive and lemon trees, as well as the picturesque town of Poros with neoclassical buildings at the seaside. The island has pine tree forests that cover the hills and reach the sandy beaches. The island extends over a surface of 23 km2, its coastline is 67 km long and it has 5,000 inhabitants.
Poros has been inhabited from the Early Helladic until the Roman period, while it reached its peak of prosperity during the 5th century B.C. Poros has been composed of two islands, Sferia (named after Sfairos, the charioteer of Pelops) and Kalavria (good aura), since the ancient times. Nowadays, the two islands are connected by a small bridge. Kalavria, which was at first dedicated to god Apollo, who ceded it to Poseidon in exchange for Delphi, is a lush area with lots of waters. Sferia, the smaller of the two is a rock of volcanic origin on which the modern town is built.
The people of Poros played a very important role during the Revolution in 1821, a period from which many monuments are preserved. Poros was the base of the Greek government from April 15th to June 16th 1827, while in October 1829 it hosted the Great Three Powers Conference, during which the borders of the newly created Greek State were determined. Hydra is located 32 nm away from Piraeus.