History of Spetses
It is the most southwestern island of the Saronikos Gulf, and one of the most beautiful and cosmopolitan. The presence of the first inhabitants dates back to the Mesolithic era, circa 8000 B.C. and in ancient times it was called Pitiousa because of its pine trees. Its current name was given during the Venetian rule, because of the strong presence of fragrant flowers (isola di spezzie, i.e. the island of fragrances).
The island extends over a surface of 27 km2, its coastline is 29 km long and it has 4,000 inhabitants. Spetses is located 54 n.m. away from Piraeus and only 2,5 n.m. from the coast of Argos (Kosta region, near Porto Heli-Peloponnese) with the later is connected by ferry.
Spetses were one of the strongest naval and commercial power in the Aegean Sea. In 1821, when the War of Independence broke out many captains from Spetses contributed to the nation's struggle with their significant maritime power. During this struggle, one woman captain from Spetses stood out: her name was Laskarina Bouboulina. After the liberation, Spetses did not manage to gain back the commercial and financial power of the past due to the locals’ decision not to use steam in navigation. At the beginning of the 20th century, though, the island began to recover mainly because of tourism.